Department of Immunohematology and Transfusion Medicine
About the department:
SLG Hospitals’ Blood Centre practices 100% component separation, promotes rational use of blood components and safe blood transfusions. Blood donation is the backbone of Transfusion Medicine. We encourage voluntary blood donation and maintain good inventory through regular blood donor motivation and recruitment campaigns.
Laboratory services include blood grouping, antibody screening and identification, pre-transfusion testing and a range of immuno-hematological tests. Clinical services of the department include patient blood management, donor and therapeutic apheresis, transfusion support with special blood components such as leukodepleted, irradiated, small aliquot products. Patients suffering from thalassemia, hemophilia, sickle cell disease and retroviral disease are provided blood free of cost. The therapeutic use of apheresis technology i.e. plasma exchange can be used to treat autoimmune neurological disorders, TTP, GBS, myasthenia gravis, antibody-mediated solid organ transplant rejection, and facilitate ABO incompatible solid organ transplant
- Therapeutic Apheresis facility including Therapeutic plasma exchange, Erythrocytapheresis/Red cell exchange, Thrombocytapheresis, Leukocytapheresis, Cascade Filtration (Double filtration plasmapheresis), Immunoadsorption, Peripheral blood stem cell collection and cryopreservation
- Lipoprotein apheresis
- Apheresis product availability including Single donor platelets, Granulocytes
- Availability of specialized modified blood components including Irradiated, Leucodepleted, Washed, Pooled platelets, Pooled Granulocytes.
- Autologous Platelet Rich Plasma/Fibrin for prolotherapy
- Donor Wellness Clinic
- 100% Blood Component Transfusion Services
- Blood grouping, Antibody Screening and Identification
- Antibody Titration for Rh Negative pregnancy, Renal transplant
- Autoimmune Hemolytic Anemia Workup
- Adsorption and Elution
- Kleihauer Betke Test
- Clinical Transfusion therapy and consultation
- Massive Transfusion Protocol
- Outreach programme including Blood Donation Drive and motivation, recruitment and retention activities for promoting voluntary blood donation
Advanced Knee / Shoulder Package
Knee Osteoarthritis Package
Back Pain Package
Bone Health Package
For a whole blood donation, approximately 350-450ml of blood is collected. For platelet or granulocyte donations, the amount collected depends on your height, weight and platelet count.
People with good general health. Anybody aged between 18 to 60 years. Body weight should be more than 50 kgs. Hemoglobin should be more than 12.5 gm/dL.
One has around five litres of blood in the body and can donate up to 8% of blood volume once in every three months without any complications.
Yes, since this helps to ensure the safest possible blood supply. All donors are asked all the screening questions at each donation. NACO guidelines specifically require that all blood donors complete the donor history questionnaire on the day of donation.
Your body replaces lost plasma in 48 hours and blood cells in 8 weeks. Blood donation does not bring about any physical weakness.
No. The Blood Centre requires that you be symptom-free and feeling well.
Yes, if your blood pressure is within the limits set by NACO guidelines.
We recommend that you call our Blood Centre ahead of time to enquire about any medications you are taking. Aspirin and ibuprofen will not affect a whole blood donation. However, apheresis platelet products can be affected if aspirin or aspirin products are taken 48 hours prior to donation. Many other medications are acceptable.
The entire donation process, from registration to post-donation refreshments, takes about one hour. The actual donation takes about 5-10 minutes.
Apheresis is the process of removing a specific component of the blood, such as platelets, red blood cells, plasma (liquid part of the blood) or granulocytes (white blood cells) and returning the remaining components to the donor. This process allows more of one particular part of the blood to be collected than could be separated from a unit of whole blood.
The apheresis donation procedure takes longer than that of a whole blood donation. An apheresis donation may take about one to two hours, depending on the blood components that are being donated.
After blood is drawn, it is tested for ABO group (blood type) and Rh type (positive or negative), as well as for any unexpected red blood cell antibodies that may cause problems for the transfusion recipient. Blood is also tested for: Hepatitis B virus, Hepatitis C virus, HIV-1 and HIV-2, Syphilis, Malaria.
Each unit of whole blood is separated into several components. Red blood cells may be stored under refrigeration for a maximum of 42 days. Platelets are stored at room temperature and may be kept for a maximum of five to seven days. Fresh frozen plasma is kept in a stored frozen state for up to one year. Cryoprecipitate is stored frozen for up to one year. Granulocytes must be transfused within 24 hours of donation.
The approximate distribution of blood types in the Indian blood donor population is as follows. Distribution may vary among ethnic groups and in different parts of the country
O Blood group: 37.12%
B Blood group: 32.26%
A Blood group: 22.88%
AB Blood group: 7.74%
In an emergency, anyone can receive type O red blood cells. Therefore, people with type O blood are known as “universal donors.” In addition, individuals of all types can receive type AB plasma.
While donated blood is free, there are significant costs associated with collecting, testing, preparing components, labelling, storing and shipping blood; recruiting and educating donors; and quality assurance. As a result, processing fees are charged to recover costs. Processing fees for individual blood components vary considerably. Hospital can charge for any additional testing that may be required, such as the crossmatch, as well as for the administration of the blood.
Scientists have yet to find a successful substitute for human blood. This is why blood donors are so vital to the lives of those who are in need of blood.